Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars are the last set of teeth to develop in the back of your mouth. For some, these teeth can cause some serious problems such as pain & infection and may require to be removed. Understanding the reasons why, when, and how wisdom teeth removal is done can help you make an informed decision about this procedure.
The most common reason for wisdom teeth removal is that they are impacted. Impacted teeth are those that do not have enough room to fully emerge from the gums. This can cause pain, swelling, and infection. Impacted wisdom teeth can also cause damage to nearby teeth and gums, and can lead to the development of cysts or tumors.
Another reason for wisdom teeth removal is that they are decayed or infected. Wisdom teeth are located at the back of the mouth and can be difficult to properly clean, which can lead to decay and infection. These problems can also spread to other teeth and gums if left untreated.
Dentists usually recommend wisdom teeth removal in the late teens or early twenties, when these teeth are fully developed and can be safely removed. However, in some cases, wisdom teeth may need to be removed earlier or later. For example, if there are signs of an infection or cyst, wisdom teeth may need to be removed sooner. Additionally, some people may not experience problems with their wisdom teeth until later in life.
The procedure for wisdom teeth removal is typically done under local anesthesia, which will numb the area around the wisdom teeth, or IV sedation. This means that you will be awake but relaxed and comfortable during the procedure. Your dentist will make an incision in the gums to access the wisdom teeth and then remove them. After the procedure, you may experience some pain and swelling, which can be managed with medication. Recovery time can vary depending on the complexity of the extraction and the individual's healing.
It's also important to note that in some cases, wisdom teeth can be removed by a specialist called an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, who is trained to perform complex surgical procedures on the mouth, teeth, jaw, and face. This is typically recommended if the wisdom teeth are impacted and can't be removed easily.
In summary, wisdom teeth removal is a common procedure that is performed to address problems caused by impacted or decayed wisdom teeth. Dentists usually recommend this procedure in the late teens or early twenties, when these teeth are fully developed and can be safely removed. The procedure is typically done under local anesthesia or IV sedation, and recovery time can vary depending on the complexity of the extraction and the individual's healing. It is important to consult with your dentist to determine if wisdom teeth removal is necessary for you and to understand the risks and benefits of the procedure.
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